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What is the Endocannabinoid System

We could tell you the benefits of CBD over and over again. But why should you believe us if we can’t tell you how and why CBD does what it does? If you really want to understand what CBD does, you need to understand the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Well, the basics at least.

Let’s start with homeostasis.


Homeostasis is often referred to as ‘The Goldilocks Zone.’ What do we mean by that? It means that the porridge is not too hot or too cold and the bed is not too hard or too soft. It’s just right.

We can apply the same thing to our bodies, it needs to be just right. Our blood sugar levels don’t like to be too low or too high and neither does our blood pressure, our heart rate doesn’t like to be too slow or too fast. Our body likes to maintain its condition within a narrow range, between the two extremes. Homeostasis is the maintenance of a stable internal environment. Because when our body is regulated at the right level, we deliver optimum performance both physically and mentally.

Ok, so what about the endocannabinoid system?

In simple terms, the endocannabinoid system is the biological structure that enables homeostasis. It’s a system that can be found in all vertebrate species and helps us to feel ‘just right.’

There are three main components of ECS that work together:

  1. Cannabinoid receptors
  2. Endocannabinoids
  3. Metabolic enzymes

Let’s dive into more detail so that you can fully understand how Phocus CBD Oil can help you.


How do the three components of ECS work?

Firstly, let’s talk about cannabinoid receptors, which can be found on the surface of cells. Receptors play an important role when it comes to controlling physiological processes that affect things such as mood, memory, and pain.

Scientists believe that there are two main cannabinoid receptors.

CB1 Receptor:These receptors can mainly be found on your nerve cells in the brain, spinal cord, and the central nervous system. This means that CB1 receptors can control aspects to do with memory, motor regulation, stress response, pain perception, and sleep.

CB2 Receptor:These receptors are mainly found in cells throughout the peripheral organs, which play a big part in your immune system. When they are activated, CB2 receptors work to minimise inflammation, reduce pain and lower tissue damage.

Keeping up so far? Next up, endocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are small molecules that activate cannabinoid receptors. You might not know this, but your body naturally produces its own cannabinoids, which then react with your cannabinoid receptors. Think of it as a chain of messages that run through your body to make sure you’re feeling ‘just right.’ Feeling too hot? Your ECS system will tell your body to produce sweat to cool you down. Hungry? Your ECS system will remind you to eat. It’s the system that your body uses to maintain homeostasis. 

So where does CBD Oil come into it?

So the endocannabinoid system kick-starts a series of chain reactions in the body. In that respect, it’s a bit like a machine. There are lots of small cogs working together. The trouble is, machines can’t maintain their optimum performance forever. Over time, they can become worn and damaged. Its operational system can deteriorate or malfunction, which causes problems. Your ECS system is just the same.

Endocannabinoids are responsible for maintaining your body’s overall health. If these levels decrease, your ECS system can impact your whole body and lead to various health problems, or exacerbate existing conditions.

And this where CBD comes in.

How does CBD work?

CBD is a natural compound derived from hemp. It reacts with cannabinoid receptors in the same way as cannabinoids which are naturally produced in the body. This means that CBD can boost the functionality of receptors.

Benefits of activating the CB1 receptors

  • Relieves depression
  • Lowers intestinal inflammation
  • Decreases intestinal permeability
  • Lowers blood pressure
  • Lowers anxiety
  • Reduces fear and paranoia
  • Increases BDNF levels which improve nerve cell growth

Benefits of activating the CB2 receptors

Any change in your CB2 receptor function is linked to many types of human disease, ranging from cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurodegenerative, psychiatric, and autoimmune. Your CB2 receptor can even play a role in the way your liver and kidneys function as well as your bone and skin health, and even pain-related illnesses.

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